Toddler handout

 

Photo by Unsplash Sander Weeteling

FEEDING

  • Offer the toddler nutritious foods and let him decide what and how much to eat.  Toddlers will eat a lot one time, and not much the next. Don’t worry about the amount eaten at one time; it evens out. Your kitchen is not a fast-food restaurant. You don’t need to cook another meal if your toddler refuses it. It only encourages picky-eating.
  • Your child should, ideally, be eating 3 small meals with 3 small nutritious snacks each day. Healthy snacks include fruit, veggies, applesauce, cheese, yogurt, pieces of whole grain bread or crackers. Avoid choking hazards such as grapes, hot dogs, popcorn, and gum.
  • Use whole milk until 2 years of age.
  • Aim for getting rid of bottles and using only cups.
  • Juice is not necessary and promotes cavities and unhealthy weight.

 

HEALTH

  • Limit TV to one hour a day. Watch with your child.
  • Brush your toddler’s teeth with an amount of toothpaste equal to a grain of rice.  The first dental visit can be at 1.

 

SAFETY

 

  • Put sunscreen SPF 15 -30 regularly on your toddler.
  • Children should remain in a rear-facing car seat until at least age 2.
  • Have a consistent bedtime routine. Put your child to bed without a bottle or electronics.
  • Check for new hazards now that your toddler is walking.
  • Keep the toddler away from moving machinery, lawn mowers, overhead garage doors, driveways, and streets.
  • Teach your child caution when approaching dogs.
  • Ensure that swimming pools have four-sided fences with self-closing, self-latching doors.
  • Never leave a child alone in the car.
  • Keep cigarettes, lighters, matches, and alcohol out of sight and reach.

 

DISCIPLINE

  • Catch your child being GOOD.  Specific praise like “you did a good job picking up your toys” rather than “you are a good girl” will help them link the praise with the behavior.
  • Be consistent when setting limits.
  • Use ‘time out” or removing the source of conflict for unacceptable behaviors such as “throwing things”, “hitting”, or “yelling” types of temper tantrums.  Ignore attention-seeking temper tantrums.

RESOURCES

  • What to Expect the Toddler Years by Eisenberg, Murkoff, and Hathaway
  • Caring for your Baby and Young Child Birth to age 5 by Steven Shelov
  • 1 -2-3 Magic - Effective Discipline for Children 2 - 12 by Thomas Phelan
  • Domestic Violence Hotline 800-799-SAFE (7233)
  • Food Assistance WIC 1-800-WIC-1007 and SNAP www.mass.gov/snap
  • CDC Vaccine Page www.cdc.gov/vaccines
  • www.healthychildren.org Site by pediatricians about a variety of health topics
  • App: Pediatric Symptom MD – a variety of pediatric advice

 

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